Establishing a Pilot Skills Development Centre for Potential Labour Migrants in Uzbekistan

Establishing a Pilot Skills Development Centre for Potential Labour Migrants in Uzbekistan

Asia
LM.0383
UZ10P0501
100,000
Uzbekistan
Labour Migration
National
Active

The Government of Uzbekistan (GoU) recognizes that professional knowledge and skills are important value-adding factors to stimulate socioeconomic development. With an ongoing demographic dividend and population of over 33 million, every year about 700,000 young persons enter the labour market in Uzbekistan. The country is also the largest origin country in Central Asia for labour migrants, with an IOM estimate of 4 to 5 million Uzbek nationals working and living abroad. High unemployment rate in Uzbekistan, especially among youth, and limited decent job opportunities within the country create a strong push factor for the Uzbek youth, often encouraged by parents, to migrate for employment purposes. Insufficient professional and linguistic preparation, however, may lead to situations where labour migrants become vulnerable to abuse and exploitation. The GoU has demonstrated interest in establishing a network of Skills Development Centers (SDCs) for prospective labour migrants throughout the country, which are expected to deliver pre-departure orientation courses and establish a counselling office for students. They will also offer professional orientation and information for potential migrants, which is recognized as a valuable tool to minimize the risks of exploitation migrants may face at all stages of migration. It is expected that the pilot SDC in this project will serve as a model for a number of such centers to be established by the GoU throughout the country, also replicating the best foreign practice, in particular the TESDA (Technical Education and Skills Development) system in the Philippines. In light of the above, the proposed project will focus on: Creating two new education and training curricula in the service sector to enhance employability of graduates in Uzbekistan and abroad, through equipping and upgrading the respective work classes in the Namangan Industrial College and the establishment of the professional pre-departure orientation and counselling services at the College; and Promoting the importance of education and training as a pathway conducive to socioeconomic integration in key destination countries and raising awareness on the activities of the pilot SDC.