Tajikistan: Understanding the Nexus of Migration, Gender, Climate Change and Agriculture

Tajikistan: Understanding the Nexus of Migration, Gender, Climate Change and Agriculture

Asia
NC.0029
TJ10P0501
200,000
Tajikistan
Migration, Environment and Climate Change
National
Active

Warming climatic conditions are expected to significantly alter Tajikistan’s hydrodynamic parameters, and the frequency of major droughts is forecast to increase. These changes will adversely affect various activities associated with the primary sector, which provide livelihoods for the majority of the rural population and impede their development. It is expected that people will respond to the climate change impacts with a combination of in-situ and ex-situ adaptation strategies, including human mobility. While a considerable share of remittances is used on food, consumer goods, healthcare and education, only a limited amount is invested in climate change adaptation. Women play a prominent role in managing household assets. As more men from rural parts of this region seek employment opportunities away from home, women will need to manage new challenges, including climate change impacts. The objective of the project is to ensure migration is mainstreamed in climate change adaptation policy/programmes and the adaptation needs of women left-behind are met. This will be achieved through the generation of evidence regarding the role of capacity building interventions (CBIs) for women left-behind in supporting adaptation in remittance recipient households. The project will conduct an action research focused on the nexus of migration, gender, climate change, and agriculture in Tajikistan, and will implement a series of activities aimed at empowerment of women to implement adaptation strategies leveraging the remittances sent from migrant family members. The research will address the question: How do CBI support behavioural change among women left-behind to support climate change adaptation in remittance-recipient households? At the same time, it will begin raising awareness among government stakeholders, of the importance of human mobility within climate change discourse. These activities will engage academics, government, international agencies and civil society stakeholders, position migration within the centre of climate change discourse and equip stakeholders in the Ministry of Labour, Migration and Employment of Population with the necessary understanding of climate change impacts, and stakeholders in the Committee for Environment Protection with an understanding of migration issues, to engage in policy discussion.