Climate change and natural resource exploitation have caused severe environmental damage in some parts of the Guinean territory. The consequential loss of fertile and arable lands has impoverished local populations relying on agriculture as their only means of subsistence. This factor, combined with the socio-economic hardships experienced throughout the country, have led to increasing internal movements from rural-rural or rural-urban areas in search of livelihood opportunities. As a result, competition for already scarce resources in urban areas has further exposed vulnerable communities to poor living conditions.
Through the project “Building the Resilience of Communities Affected by Climate Change and Environmental Degradation in Guinea” IOM Guinea, with financing from the IOM Development Fund, supports the Government of Guinea in its effort to improve access to sustainable livelihood solutions among the communities most affected by climate change.
Over the past two months, IOM Guinea has organized workshops for local, regional and national authorities, as well as civil society on the Migration, Environment and Climate Change (MECC) nexus. More specifically, the capacity-building activities were focused on teaching key MECC concepts; the effects and consequences of climate change and environmental degradation; the link between migration, the environment and climate change; and the resilience and responsibility of actors, along with best practices. These workshops were held in 6 localities across the country, namely Boké, Koundara, Mamou, Kankan, Forécariah and Conakry. The participatory and inclusive nature of the activities allowed the participants to gain an understanding of MECC adapted to their prior knowledge and zone of intervention.