Kyrgyzstan: Leveraging Diaspora Funding for Climate Action

Kyrgyzstan: Leveraging Diaspora Funding for Climate Action

Migration, Environment and Climate Change

Central Asia is one of the most vulnerable regions to climate change, with warming levels projected to be higher than the global mean [1], leading to more heat extremes [2]. The Kyrgyz Republic depends on increasingly scarce meltwater from glaciers for water supplies and to generate electricity [3]. Since there are fiscal limitations to public spending on climate action in many developing countries, national governments use various instruments (policy, legal and financial) to mobilise private capital. A clearer understanding of what can motivate diaspora members and compatriots to support climate action in the country of origin would contribute to climate change adaptation and resilience planning in the Kyrgyz Republic as well as enable relevant institutions to develop policy measures to strengthen climate change programmes.

Over 24 months, this project will contribute to supporting the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic’s strategic vision in climate change adaptation with a special focus on channelling diaspora funding to support climate action. This objective will be achieved by generating evidence of motivational factors among diaspora members and compatriots with regard to supporting climate action (mitigation or adaptation) in the Kyrgyz Republic and improving awareness and capacities of national stakeholders, particularly relevant government institutions (e.g. Climate Finance Centre and National Council on Diaspora), about the role of diaspora funding in the context of climate finance. First, IOM will generate knowledge through research. Second, IOM will leverage the knowledge generated through the research and stakeholder engagement to build the capacity of relevant government institutions through trainings on Migration, Environment and Climate Change and diaspora engagement, ministerial briefings, and by supporting relevant national initiatives such as the National Action Plan for Migration Policy. It is expected that the initiative will contribute towards the recognition of the role that diaspora can play supporting climate action in the Kyrgyz Republic.

[1] Hoegh-Guldberg, O., and Coauthors, 2018: Impacts of 1.5°C Global Warming on Natural and Human Systems. Global warming of 1.5°C. An IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, V. Masson-Delmotte et al., Eds., World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

[2] Reyer, C.P., Otto, I.M., Adams, S., Albrecht, T., Baarsch, F., Cartsburg, M., … Stagl, J. (2017). 45 Climate change impacts in Central Asia and their implications for development. Regional 46 Environmental Change, 17(6), 1639–1650.

[3] NAP-GSP 2018. National Adaptation Plans in focus: Lessons from the Kyrgyz Republic.…