Strengthening Border Management and Border Security in Rwanda through the Implementation of Advanced Passenger Information (API)/Passenger Name Record (PNR)

Strengthening Border Management and Border Security in Rwanda through the Implementation of Advanced Passenger Information (API)/Passenger Name Record (PNR)

Africa
IB.0181
RW10P0514
300,000
Rwanda
Immigration and Borders
National
Active

As a result of the exponential growth in air travel and passenger traffic in recent years, States have been confronted with evolving border management challenges to guarantee travel facilitation and border security. To maintain the delicate balance between facilitating cross-border movements and upholding border security, effective cooperation between government agencies, the private sector and relevant international actors is crucial. Advance Passenger Information (API) and Passenger Name Record (PNR) are two technical responses to streamline traveller identification management and facilitate border management. As international standards are likely to require operational API systems in the near future in order to facilitate the movement of individual passengers, Rwanda confirmed the strong interest in developing a national API/PNR system with a view to improving the clearance process of bonafide travelers, identify passengers who are potential immigration threats and complement existing data vetting processes against watch lists and databases such as Interpol lists.

This project aims to contribute to the Government of Rwanda (GOR)’s endeavour to provide safe migration routes for Rwanda nationals, migrants and transiting passengers and complement the government’s efforts to establish its API/PNR system. In order to do so, this project will support the development of legal and technical frameworks and the institutional capacities of the government for the smooth implementation of the API/PNR system in Rwanda. The project has therefore the overall objective of contributing to enhanced travel facilitation and border security in Rwanda through strengthening legal and technical capacities in API/PNR systems in compliance with the international standards. More specifically, the project's objective will be achieved through the following outcome: 1) Implementation of API/PNR systems through the GOR's enhanced institutional capacity and knowledge and the development of specific guidelines on relevant API and PNR legislation for Rwanda. The above will be achieved through two outputs: 1) The national border agencies have increased knowledge of the requirements for and specifics of a functioning API/PNR systems through the exchange of best practices, international standards and lessons learned; 2) National API & PNR guidelines, based on technical assessments are available and Government officials are provided with technical capacity for further development of the legislation. To achieve output 1, IOM Rwanda will support, in close coordination with the government and the project partners, the organization of technical consultations with EU Member States representatives to better understand the specifics of implementing an API/PNR system through the exchange of best practices, information sharing protocols, international standards and lessons learned. In addition, study visits to EU Members States and the Republic of South Korea will be organized. To achieve output 2, IOM and partners will support technical and specialized revisions to the existing legal framework in Rwanda in close coordination with the API/PNR Steering committee; it will identify the needs and will support the organization of legal technical consultations to work on the assessment findings and recommendations, and develop guidelines on the legal requirements for the implementation of API/PNR in Rwanda.